USNSF-funded research on implementation of sustainability in local councils (current)
With Associate-Professor Lucie Laurian, University of Iowa, Jan is researching the implementation of sustainability by local councils in both the USA and NZ. This project involves a survey of medium-sized councils and case studies in both countries and is guided by feedback from an international expert panel (2011-2014).
Jan was a member of the long–running Planning under co-operative mandates research programme based at The University of Waikato (1995 – 2009). This comparative research project evaluated the quality of regional and district planning under the Resource Management Act 1991 and was funded by the Foundation for Research, Science and Technology, New Zealand.
The research sought answers to these questions:
what makes a good plan? Link to report
do councils believe in their own plans? Link to report
do good plans make a difference to the environment? View item
are Māori values recognised and provided for in plans?
The research also studied the effectiveness of long term council community planning under the Local Government Act.
Plan effectiveness monitoring; integrated catchment management planning
Measuring Success in Stormwater Management – A structured approach to monitoring through linking issues and objectives with outcomesKrausse, Michael, Susie Wood, Jan Crawford, Clare Feeney, Helena Keum, Celia Davison and Jan Heijs2011Paper presented to the Water New Zealand 7th South Pacific Stormwater Conference.
Writing Catchment Management Plans: Threading Planning Inputs through to Action Outputs and Monitoring of Outcomes – A Practical ApproachFeeney, Clare, Peter Kouwenhoven, Jan Crawford, Phil le Gros and Larry Shui.April 2009Paper presented to the NZ Water & Waste Association Conference, Auckland.
Planning Under Cooperative Mandates: Book, Research Reports & Papers
Organisational factors influencing implementation of environmental sustainability Part 1Crawford, Jan & Lucie LaurianJune 2014Planning Quarterly
Evaluation of iwi and hapū participation in the resource consents processes of six district councils.Backhurst, M., Day, M., Warren, T., Ericksen, N., Crawford, J., Jefferies, R., Bennett, M., Berke, P., Chapman, S. & Laurian, L.2004PUCM Maori Working Paper No.2. Hamilton, New Zealand: The International Global Change Institute (IGCI), University of Waikato.View item
The quality of district plans and their implementation: towards environmental quality.Backhurst, M., Day, M., Crawford, J., Ericksen, N., Berke, P., Laurian, L., Barfoot, C., Chapman, S. and J. Dixon2002Paper presented to NZPI Conference, Wellington 8-12 April 2002.View item
What makes plan implementation successful? An evaluation of local plans and implementation practices in New ZealandBerke, P., Backhurst, M., Day, M., Ericksen, N., Crawford, J., et al2006Environment and Planning B; Planning & Design, 33; 581-600.
Do co-operative environmental planning mandates produce good plans? Empirical results from the New Zealand experience.Berke, P., Crawford, J., Dixon, J., and Ericksen, N.1999Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design. 26:5; 643-664.
Making plans in New Zealand under the Resource Management Act, 1991Berke, P., Crawford, J., Dixon, J., and Ericksen, N.1998PUCM Report # 4. The International Global Change Institute, University of Waikato, Hamilton; Department of Resources and Environmental Planning, Massey University, Palmerston North; Department of City and Regional Planning, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Planning and Indigenous People: Human Rights and Environmental Protection in New Zealand.Berke, P., Crawford, J., Dixon, J., and Ericksen, N.2002Journal of Planning Education and Research, Volume 22, Number 2, 115-134.
Plan quality in district councils.Berke, P., Crawford, J., Dixon, J., and Ericksen, N.September 2000New Zealand Planning Quarterly. No. 138*, pp. 17-19.
What Makes a Good Plan? Principles and Methods for Evaluating Plans.Berke, P., Ericksen, N.J., Dixon, J. and Crawford, J.1996
District Planning: A Game of Two HalvesCrawford, J.September 2006Planning Quarterly, no. 161
More Effective Policy & PlansCrawford, J.May 2007Environmental Defence Society Conference Proceedings Auckland.
Planning Under a Co-operative Mandate: Proceedings of the Peer Review Workshops (Hamilton and Wellington)Crawford, J., Backhurst, M., Laurian, L., Berke, P., Dixon, J.E., and Ericksen, N.June 2000
What makes a good plan?Crawford, J., Berke, P., Dixon, J. and Ericksen, N.1996Planning Quarterly, no. 120*, March 1996. p. 6-7.
Achieving anticipated environmental outcomes: how effective is the district plan?Crawford, J., Day, M., et alJune 2008Hamilton: IGCI, PUCM Summary Report to Papakura District Council.
Getting Value from the Local Government Act 2002 and the Resource Management Act 1991Crawford, J., and Rowan, J.June 2007NZ Community Boards Conference Proceedings, Auckland
Confessions of a Resource Consent: A report to Government on Plan ImplementationDay, M, Backhurst et al2003
Evaluating the Effectiveness of District and Regional Plans Prepared under the Resource Management Act: Planning Practice Guide 4Day, Maxine., Greg Mason, Jan Crawford & Peter Kouwenhoven2009The International Global Change Institute, The University of Waikato. www.waikato.ac.nz/igci/pucm/
Planning Under a Cooperative Mandate: New Plans for New ZealandDixon, J., Ericksen, N., Berke, P., and Crawford, J.1996Paper presented at the Joint International Congress of the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning and the Association of European Schools of Planning, 25-28 July 1996 at Toronto.
Planning Under a Cooperative Mandate: New Plans for New ZealandDixon, J.E., Ericksen, N.J., Berke, P. and Crawford, J.1996Paper presented at the Joint International Congress of the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning and The Association of the European Schools of Planning, 25-28 July 1996 at Toronto. (CEARSPres-96-2-PUCM-2)
Planning under a cooperative mandate: new plans for New ZealandDixon, J., Ericksen, N., Crawford, J., and Berke, P.1997 Journal of Environmental Planning and Management. 40 (5), pp. 603-614.
Planning for Sustainability: NZ under the RMAEricksen, N.J., Berke, P.R., Crawford, J.L., and Dixon, J.E.2003Ashgate
Plans the Next Generation: a Report to Government on Resource Management, Plan Quality and GovernanceEricksen, N., Crawford, J., Berke, P. and J. Dixon2001International Global Change Institute, University of Waikato, Hamilton.
Planning Under a Co-operative Mandate: Newsletter no. 1Ericksen, N., Dixon, J., Berke, P., Crawford, J. and Gibson, C.2000IGCI, University of Waikato, School of Resource and Environmental Planning, Massey University at Albany.
Planning Under a Co-operative Mandate: Newsletter no. 2Ericksen, N., Dixon, J., Berke, P., Crawford, J. and Gibson, C.2000IGCI, University of Waikato, School of Resource and Environmental Planning, Massey University at Albany.
A Planning Studio Assessing Plan Effectiveness: A Trial at the University of Auckland Planning DepartmentFookes, TW & Jan Crawford24-26 September 2004Paper presented at the Australia New Zealand Association of Planning Schools, Perth.
Evaluating the Outcomes of plans: theory, practice, and methodologyLaurian, L., Crawford, J., and Day, M. with Kouwenhoven, P., Mason, G., Ericksen, N., and Beattie, L.Environment and Planning B Journal, Vol. 37, pages 740-757.
Can Effectiveness of Plans be Monitored? Answers from POE – a New Plan Outcome Evaluation MethodLaurian, L., Crawford, J., Day, M., Kouwenhoven, P., Mason, G., Ericksen, N., and Beattie, L.September 2008Planning Quarterly No. 179 pp26-30
Measuring the Effectiveness of RMA Plans: A New Plan Outcome Evaluation (POE) MethodologyLaurian, L., Crawford, J., and Ericksen, J.2008PULSE (the magazine of SOLGM – Society of Local Government Managers)
The industrial ecology of metals; a reconnaissanceFrosch, Robert A., William C. Clark, Janet Crawford, Ambuj Sagar, F. Ted Tschang and Audrey Webber1997Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London 355, 1335-1347.
Mediation & planning
Ministry for the Environment, Keeping It FairDorothy Wakeling, with Jan Crawford & Joan ForretJuly 2001
Evaluating Mediation in the Environment Court, Journal of Resource Management Theory & PracticeCrawford, JanNovember 2008
Chapter on New Zealand in the International Manual of Planning Practice.Fookes, TW & Jan Crawford2009Eds. Judith Ryser & Teresa Francini.